云端上的小学 —— 四季吉小学 School on the cloud —— Si ji ji primary school
image © ayaarch
设计团队：许义兴 谢丽菲 郭建刚 唐可莉 乌云德力格尔 王漩 吴宛容 杨旭
摄影师： 许义兴 朱坚
Location: Sichuan Liangshan
Design team: Xu Yixing, Xie Lifei, Guo Jiangang, Wuyundeligeer, Tang Keli, Wang Xuan, Wu Wanrong, Yang Xu
Project Year: 2015
Photographs：Xu Yixing, Zhu Jian
云端上的小学 —— 四季吉小学
School on the cloud —— Si ji ji primary school
Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture is located in the northern part of Hengduan Mountains on Eastern Margin of Tibetan Plateau, the zone of transition between the Sichuan Basin and the Yunnan-Guizhou Plateau. Because of Geography and History, this place is one of the largest concentric and connecting poor areas in China. The project’s situation, Sijiji village, is one of the highest villages in Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, and also one of the only remaining original ecology culture villages. It is located on the edge of Dafengding Nature Reserve, at an altitude of more than 3000 meters above sea level. This village has been electrified from 2013, but still has no tap water, no mobile signal, and no internet. Just being the isolation paradise like, it becomes the last reservation place of Yi people’s culture of traditional residence and cultivation and animal husbandry. Sijiji primary school is built for the long distance from the county central primary school.
Master Plan: the 2 land blocks are defined to teaching area and dormitory-game area, and connected by the covered bridge over the little river in-between the two land blocks.
The teaching area include: 1-3 grade classrooms, a preschool education classroom, an office, a library, a bathroom, toilets, a kitchen, and a storage. Dormitory-game area include: the dormitories for teachers and volunteers, a playground with a Circular Runway, a basketball ground, and a volleyball ground.
Space composition: cross the bridge over the river then face to the school gate, behind the gate, the public space between office and preschool education classroom is the outdoor entrance hall, also the students semi-outdoor activity ground, which presenting Yi traditional wood-structure architectural culture. In rainy days, children can have a bigger playground. Through the entrance hall, the courtyard space facing to the flat and teaching area is the most important public space, the ceremony, meeting, and recess activity place.
There is a covered outdoor space between preschool education classroom and primary school classrooms, and the same between the three primary school classrooms. Like this, it becomes, large-middle-small, a hierarchy public space system, boost the gather and communication in-between the children. Front porch goes with every building, and connects them.
Through the management to the buildings and courtyard, the scattered big stones become the borrowed scenery from inner space and the scenery in the courtyard.
Structure: Sijiji is the most complete reservation old village of Yi people’s traditional culture. For inheriting Yi construction tradition, the school uses the traditional handmade construction way: stone wall, loam wall, roofing slab, and wood structure. We simplify the component quantity of local popular traditional wood structure; let horizontal timber components playing crossbeam throughout, satisfying the requirements of force and calculation; enlarge the outer dougong for getting far-reaching cornice; and increase the height of interlayer of traditional structure, in order to more suitable to live.
Interior space: we transform the Yi traditional “入”shape roof into different function space. Classroom and office use skylight to get enough daylight, and more solar energy in winter time to reduce energy consumption. All living space is small partitions alongside, leaving the central public space around the fireplace. Fireplace is the family center of Yi traditional living culture, also the holy place where guests hope to close.