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退村住宅 ——似曾相识的未来之家 Teochon House -Old Future House

封面照片
退村住宅 ——似曾相识的未来之家 Teochon House -Old Future House
image © Jong Oh Kim
所有图片及文字来源:履露斋建筑设计事务所(IROJE Architects & Planners)

 

建筑师:承孝相/履露斋建筑事务所
所在地:韩国,京畿道
规划用地:862.0㎡
建筑面积:164.7㎡
总建筑面积:192.8㎡
建成:2010年
摄影:Jong Oh Kim

Architect: Seung H-Sang /IROJE Architects & Planners
Location: Gyeonggi-do, South Korea
Site Area : 862.0㎡
Building Area : 164.7㎡
Gross Floor Area : 192.8㎡
Completion: 2010
Photographer: Jong Oh Kim

这是经济学家Jindo Park教授的住宅。教授本人积极进步,而他的妻子也是一名文学教授,所以这是一个典型的知识分子家庭。教授的儿子主修爵士钢琴,他希望住宅设计满足和儿子共同居住的要求,并且就建在母亲居住的Teochon 住宅隔壁。

鉴于夫妻二人都有各自的学术研究领域,因此他们需要有各自独立的房间,同时还需要独立的爵士钢琴练习室。所以,他们的生活方式就基本决定了住宅的格局。也就是说,住宅结构是由若干个独立的区域组合而成的,一家日报在“改变你想法的住宅”专栏的开篇就以“合理分隔的房子”为题报道了这座住宅。而且,该地区的住宅法律规定农舍主建筑面积100m2,子建筑面积66m2,因此这也是建造“合理分隔的房子”的基本条件。

但是,更主要的原因是在漫长的时间长河里我们都是按照这种传统理念建造住宅。最初,传统住宅就是多个房间组合到一起形成的。从一个房间的住宅到有99 个房间的住宅,这就是它们的名字。

每个房间不是像西方那样依照不同的功能叫做起居室、卧室、书房或浴室,而是被叫做里屋、另一边的房间、挨着门的房间等,所以我们的传统住宅是多个没有特定用途的房间集合。这不仅使各个房间都相互独立,而且显示了当代建筑新的关键词,它们就好比是没有确定用途的空房间,放上床垫就是卧室,摆上餐桌就是餐厅,安上书桌就是书房,铺上毯子就是棋牌室。

当然,这种格局的房间可以直接获得自然通风和采光,因此十分有益健康。对于习惯在封闭的人工环境中依赖现代化设施生活的人们来说,住在这个房子中一定感到很不方便。但是,住宅占据了Teochon 的黄金位置,景色优美,而且事实上一旦适应了这种不便利性,就会收获无穷的乐趣。“不方便的快乐”不正是我们所失去的记忆吗?所以,尽管它是新建住宅,但是能够带给人无限的回忆,我们将用破碎的片段重新搭建起这似曾相识的未来之家。

This house is the house of professor Jindo Park, who is an Economics professor with progressive disposition. Since his wife is also a liberal arts professor, it can be said to be a representative scholar family.  He requested the design of this house to live with his son who is majoring in jazz piano, next to the house in Teochon, where his mother is living.

Since they are the couple in academy, they will need own independent rooms for each, and a room for jazz piano sound is necessary, so this room shall also be independent. As such, the way they live had to be the decisive lead to compose the format of this house. That is, the structure making the house by gathering several independent areas, thus one daily newspaper covered this house, and introduced this house as the first article with the title of “well separated house” in the special series of “houses that change your mind”. Also, the legal restrictions on the houses in this area as farm houses only allowed main building with 100m2 and subsidiary building with 66m2, so necessity to build two house was also the basic condition for “well separated house”.

However, more principal reason was that our traditional idea of a house that we had for a long time made such house. Originally, our traditional houses were made by the gathering of the rooms. From the house with one room to the house with 99 rooms were the names of such houses.

The rooms were called, not as living room, bedroom, study, or bathroom, with their purposes as in the western world, but called as inner room, the other side room, and room at the door, so our houses were the gathering of the rooms without specific purposes.  This not only makes all rooms to be independent of other rooms, but also showed the new keyword of contemporary architecture with their actual lives, since they were the indeterminate empty rooms that could be bed room if mattress is put, dining room if dining table is set, study room if desk is installed, and a cards playing room if blanket is layered.

Of course, the rooms with such format are directly connected to the nature for free ventilation and lighting, so they are extremely healthy. For those who are accustomed to the living in artificial environment using modern facilities in a closed space these days, this house has to be an inconvenient house.  But, such house is well suited in Teochon, which has beautiful scenery, and it is also true that once you are accustomed to such inconvenience, it becomes irrevocable joy.  ‘Inconvenient pleasure. May it be the memory that we lost? So it is the house of memory even though it is newly built, and it will be our old future that we must recover in this fragmented period.

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