GARS-GARSA2
854
出处: ©肖笛 贾丽媛 王雪 郎丹婷
Timeless 初子圆 小白兔 等3人赞过

设计说明


设计选址:加德满都——尼泊尔首都

 

设计理念:

作为一个灾后过渡型建筑,它的使用期限是1-2年,所以不仅材料上要满足

就地取材,还要根据加德满都当地的建筑特征以及地理条件和气候特征进行全面考虑,同时还体现了对灾民们震后的人文关怀,使建筑空间对他们和他们的内心产生一定的慰藉。

As a post-transitional architecture, its lifespan is 1--2 years,So not only choose local materials, but also consider local architectural features、geographical conditions and climatic features.In the same time, it also reflected the Humane Care on the victims after the earthquake and give their hearts some consolation.

 

我们设计的主要特点是灾后48小时之内方便就地取材建造,而且简单的结构可以保证当地灾民也可以全部投入到建设当中,大大提高建造效率。

The main feature of our design is convenient to choose local materials within 48 hours after the earthquake. On the other hand, we use a simple structure to ensure the local victims can participate in the construction process. This approach greatly improves the construction efficiency.

 

采用框架结构,简单的隼牟结构可以有效分解余震对建筑造成的伤害,用砖和沙土做框架之间的填充,这些材料既可以从震后的废墟中直接取到,同时可塑性很强,还满足了保暖和采光的双重要求。

The entire building uses framework, Falcon Mou structure can  effectively decompose the damage caused by the aftershocks of the building Using bricks and sand to fill the gap between the frame, These materials are available from the rubble after the earthquake,in the same time,it provide the effect of warmth and light.

 

南侧大面积的落地门窗主要采用当地的编制材料,采用传统的编制手法和染色技术,通过有民族特色的色彩和材料使灾民得到心理上的慰藉,体现人文关怀。

The large area of the south side of the windows prepared to use local materials mainly.Using the traditional preparation techniques and staining techniques. Making victims receive psychological comfort. By ethnic characteristics of colors and materials to make victims receive psychological comfort, show the human care.

 

斜屋顶设计既延续当地建筑的特色,同时符合当地气候特点,满足雨季对屋顶斜度的需求,屋檐处还设计了雨水收集的功能,以应对震后下雨的情况。

Pitched roof design not only continue the construction of local specialties, while meeting local climate characteristics.Eaves also designed rainwater collection function so that to deal with the situation after the rain in the earthquake.

 

 

 

由于需要灾民们参与到建造中,所以建筑的体积就会有一个有机的变化,以直系亲属为单位住在一起,这样对于灾民的内心是一种很大的慰藉并且人口多少决定建筑大小。

 

Because the victims were required to participate in the construction, so there will be a change in the volume of organic architecture, With immediate family members to live together as a unit.It’s a great comfort for the victims of heart.And the number of people decided to building size.

房屋之间的半围合式的组合形式,这符合当地居民的生活习惯。

Half  surrounded by combination of style, which meet the lifestyle of local residents.

 

统一的建造结构,模块化的复制,大小穿插简单有序,灵活易操作,符合临时建筑的特点。

A unified structure, modular Copy,flexible and easy to operate,in line with the characteristics of temporary buildings.

 

而尼泊尔是一妻多夫制,对生育没有限制,幼儿是一个需要关注的大群体,所以每5-6个模块设立一所幼儿园,既满足了每个家庭的教育需求,同时也可以对震后的孩子进行心理疏导和关怀。

While Nepal is polyandry, there is no limit on fertility, Children is a large groups to need to focus on, so each module 5-6 to set up a nursery.Not only  meet the educational needs of every family,but also do the psychological counseling and care to children who are experienced in the earthquake.

 

主要材料全部选取当地的建材:木材、砖、沙土、藤条等,在建造时取材方便,而且在1-2年后临建拆毁时也比较方便,环保。辅助材料采用空投的矿泉水瓶子,主要使用在幼儿园的墙面和屋顶上,对喝完的矿泉水瓶废物利用,通过简单的组合方式做成屋顶的同时还能进行雨水收集;在立面的方孔上插入不同数量的瓶子,对于孩子来说也是一种乐趣。

The main materials all select local building materials. Including wood, brick, sand, cane, etc. These materials are conveniently drawn at the time of construction, and in 1 - 2 years after the temporary building demolition is also more convenient and environmentally friendly. Auxiliary materials used aerial mineral water bottles, mainly used in the nursery walls and roof.It also has simple structure to collect rainwater; Insert a different number of bottles in the square hole of the facade, it is a pleasure for children.


2015-7-21
Timeless: 设计思路很棒!图纸表现再充分一些就更好了,平面图的表达还要更完善。
学生/student
贾丽媛
北京服装学院环境艺术系在校学生;品学兼优,担任班级学习委员;多次获...
肖笛
北京服装学院环境艺术系在校学生;担任班级宣传委员;专业成绩优异,是...
王雪
北京服装学院环境艺术系在校学生;学习态度端正,学习成绩优良,能熟练...
郎丹婷
北京服装学院环境艺术系在校学生;学习成绩优异,专业知识扎实,学习勤...
建筑方案设计/conceopt design
北京服装学院环艺12308班
数据/data
Post数字编号:82663