夹板临建房 The temporary houses made with planks
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出处: ©王俊 彭冬梅 苏泰基
平安幸福 chen123 苏泰基 黄勃 dgcshl 野人俊 王俊 WAQI DESIGN 彭彭 等9人赞过

雨亭是最能反映当地生活和气候特点的,也是最能反映生活的。

它基本3个特点满足适用性
特点1 垫高的平台
特点2简便的框架
特点3外挑的飞檐
它是尼泊尔最普遍的,每个巷子及广场庙宇空间都会有它的身影,并且结构简单,也是尼泊尔生活、气候、人文的浓缩。
由它作为我们设计临建构筑物的原型.
1. Refer to local buildings inNepal

The features of the buildings inNepalhave some connections with climate.

Pavilions are the best representative of local life and the climate.

There is abundant rain in the raining season plus some religious customs.

This building has 3 applicable features

1. Elevated platform

2. Simple framework

3. Out-stretched cornices

This is the most common building and can be seen everywhere inNepal. It has a simple structure which is also the epitome of Nepalese life, climate, and culture.

This is the prototype of our design.

概念想法

有些细胞间隙相互贯通,形成了一个利于气体交换的通气系统,这是一个承载着生命的气孔,对于植物的生长有着重大的作用。在尼泊尔密集的城市区域,更是缺少不了这种空间。因为这种空间,像生命的气孔一样,承载着生活、欢乐、安全、宗教生活、交流活动。 

idea:

In the intercellular space, there are some air holes for air exchange which means a lot to the plant

In city areas ofNepal, space is needed like the air holes are needed by cells. The space supports people’s life, joy, religion and communication.

我们的临建房应该具有几个特点:
1,是属于能够2-4个月的临时的“家”不是帐篷 
2,能够最快速的生产,选料也是全世界最普遍最容易获得的材料,便于各国的便利营建 
3,能够能够通过自助形式完成建造,而不是通过政府来构建,这样更有效率 
4,建好后要有有序空间 便于自助、管理、分配和迅速使灾后生活管理有序
5,建筑要符合当地文化气候和生活环境。当地建筑的特点是最能够反映当地人和文化环境最佳的适应性  

Our shelter has 5 highlights:

1. This is not a tent but a cozy two-to-four-month home.

2. To be built conveniently, it can be produced in a short time, whose materials are the most common ones.

3. It’s a more efficient DIY construction instead of a governmental one.

4. Orderly space is required after construction, in order to facilitate self-build, management and distribution, which enables systematic post-disaster life.

5. It can fit in the local cultural climate and surroundings. 

原材料的选购 
砖  原料容易,但是重 工期长麻烦周期长 不符合快速营建特点。
钢  安装便利,重混和其它材料搭建(通常帐篷),不适合具有2-3月居住特点。但是适合做构建。

预制混凝土构件  重量和运输是问题,不适合快速大量营造 但适合建长期住房。

原生木材 需要再次加工 时间加工成本 和环保都不合适。

纸制品  轻便,如果模块化生产也是不错,但是不符合需要大量采购,快速备料是个问题

3d打印建房  目前的技术和完成速度是个问题,快速自助也是个问题。材料采购及成本也不合适

Comparisons between some materials:

Brick——easy to get, but heavy and takes a long time to build

Steel——easy to assemble and suitable to set up, but needs other combinations especially in  tents. Not suitable to live in for 2-3 months

Prefabricated concrete component——fit for long-term living, but heavy, not convenient to transport and cannot be quickly and massively produced

Timber——needs reprocess, time consuming, high cost, not environmentally friendly.

Paper——light, not bad for modular produce, but not suitable for massive purchase and quick preparation.

3D Printing——immature technique, speed, cannot be done by the ordinary people, purchase, and the cost are some factors to be concerned.

最后选择标准板材——胶合板/复合板/夹板/秸秆板 + 拉膜

1,原料标准恒定——是世界上目前最普遍使用的材料,便于采购原料,任何国家和地区采购加工(来源稳定)尺寸:1220x2440

2,便于标准化——便于各国快速切割生产。符合快速营建条件,便于各国各地快速支援。

3,能够快速解决大量营建基础备料的问题。

4,拉模。便于安装、运输和自助。

Selection of plank----plywood/composite panel/straw board (recyclable plank                                                         suggested)+membrane

1. Fixed standard----most common and standard materials, purchasable and process in any country and area.  Size: 1220x2440

2. Standardize----convenient to cut anywhere and rapidly set up

3. Easy to prepare massive material

4. The membrane is easy to assemble, transport, and self-build


2015-7-20
Timeless: 挺不错的设计!作者还考虑了板材如何切割的设计,很细致。用作临时教室的时候总体布局再具有针对性会更好。
2015-7-15
野人俊: http://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMTI4MDYxMDkzMg==.html视频解说很精彩
主设计师/chief designer
王俊
第二设计师/2nd designer
彭冬梅
苏泰基
数据/data
相关外部链接
Post数字编号:81166