转载:接受耶鲁大学Constructs问答——赵仲贵
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摘要: 在计划经济下,建筑由建筑设计院来设计,单个建筑师只是其中的一部分。1990年后,有主要设计师的公司开始出现,单个建筑师的声音越来越大。我觉得,比起老一代,现在的建筑有着更多个性。
2012.7.19
(文章、图片均来源于这方建筑师事务所,原文发布于耶鲁大学Constructs杂志 2007年11月)

What were the biggest challenges of setting up and running a new practice in China?
在中国建立和运营公司的最大挑战是什么?

The biggest challenge is, when you don’t have built work to show the client, you have to prove them your ability to design and realize the project. It might take at least 2-3 years before something is built. In other words, for a new firm, in the early stage, how to get jobs is very critical. The other thing is most of the clients tender to trust bigger and established firm. This is a conflict.
最大的挑战是,在你没有建成作品的时候,向业主证明你有设计和实现项目的能力。项目的建成也许会用上两三年时间。换句话讲,对一个新公司来讲,在早期如何拿到项目非常关键。很多业主趋向于信任更大的、已经成熟建立的公司。

In what ways did studying at Yale and or working in the USA help prepare you for a career in Asia?
耶鲁的学习或者说在美国的工作经验在那些方面对你亚洲的工作有哪些帮助?

I think the study at Yale opened up my eyes. For instance, star architects are no more mysteries for me, which makes me more confident. The experience I had in the US, specifically at Pei Cobb Freed, make me think and work more rigorously, which is very essential for an architect.
耶鲁的学习开阔了我的眼界。比如,明星建筑师不再是那么神秘。在美国的工作经验,具体地说,在Pei Cobb Freed事务所的几年经验,让我思考和工作更加严谨,这点对建筑师来讲很基本。

Did you always plan on returning to China or Asia after studying/working in the US?
你一直计划着在美国学习工作后返回中国或是亚洲吗?

China has attacked not only the natives but also architects around the world to work here. While working in the US, I felt that as a person who grew up here, I probably could do something and it might make some changes. That was always in my mind.
中国不光吸引了生在这里的而且全世界的建筑师都在这里工作。在美国工作时,我感觉作为一个在这里长大的人,应该可以做一些事让事情有所不同。

What makes the younger generation of architects practicing in China distinct from the older generations?
在中国实践的年轻一代和老一代有何不同?

In the years of planned economy, buildings were designed by architectural design institutes, which are the state/municipal/ministry-owned design cooperations. Individual architect is just part of that system. After the 1990s, firms with lead principals started to emerge and individual architects started to speak louder. I think architecture today have more personalities.
在计划经济下,建筑由建筑设计院来设计,单个建筑师只是其中的一部分。1990年后,有主要设计师的公司开始出现,单个建筑师的声音越来越大。我觉得,比起老一代,现在的建筑有着更多个性。

Has there been a shift in the way architecture is being practiced or taught in China?
建筑在中国实践或教学的方式有重大改变吗?

The shift is the influence of western contemporary architecture. Chinese economy opened up the door to the west in early 80s, while Chinese architecture did that much later. At my years in college(from 1990 to 1995), Chinese architectural education still follows the system of Beaux-arts training. We spent a great deal of time studying the skill of drawings. After 1995, many architecture students went to graduate school in the US and Europe. In late 90s, some of them returned and started teaching or practicing, which brought in fresh air. Also, the communication with western universities has been increasing rapidly in last 10 years. But I think the fundamental change hasn’t happened yet. It might need another 5-10 years.
西方当代建筑影响了这个改变。80年代初期中国经济向西方打开了大门,中国建筑的开放则晚不少。我上大学的时候(1990-1995),中国建筑教育仍然延续着鲍扎的训练。我们花很多时间学习画图技巧。1995年以后,建筑系学生开始走出国门,在美国和欧洲上研究生院深造。90年代末,他们中的有些开始回国教授或是实践,带回了新鲜空气。而在过去的十年,与西方大学之间的交流快速的增加了。但是我认为根本的改变还没发生,也许还需要另一个5-10年。

How has the role of the architect changed?
建筑师的角色有什么改变?

Comparing to 12 years ago when I graduated from college, the number of universities/schools with architectural program has increase 8 times.( about 170 now, 20 then). There are a lot more architects nowadays. Architects have started to take more social reasonability.
和我12年前毕业时相比,设有建筑系的学校增加了8倍(那时20所,现在170所)。现在有很多建筑师。建筑师开始担负更多的社会责任。

How has the perception of architects changed?
人们对建筑师的理解如何改变了?

With many public buildings built, every family in the city has been at least looking for a apartment/house to buy, everybody has more or less had the experience of home-decorating, architects has entered the domain of everyone’s daily life. Which I think is good, it helps people to understand architecture and appreciate architects’ work..
更多的有影响力的公共建筑建成,城市里的很多家庭都在寻找合适的买房子机会,大家多多少少都有一点装修的经验——建筑的概念已经进入寻常百姓家。这可以帮助大众了解建筑和欣赏建筑师的工作。

How is your firm perceived by your clients?
业主如何看你们公司?

Maybe I can tell you how we want our firm be perceived by the clients. As a very young firm, it is still to early to be put on any label. Our strategy is to try to do all kinds of projects, before we can choose project. In the process, we test our interest, design ability and limit. That is why you see different things in our portfolio, from master plan to small building entrance. Speaking of this, China is good place to work since you got many opportunities to work on various things.
我可以告诉你我们想让业主如何看我们公司。作为年轻的公司,给自己加上标签还有点早。我们的策略是在我们能选择项目之前去试做各种项目。在做的过程中,来验证自己的兴趣、设计能力和极限。这就是你为何在我们的作品集中看到不同东西的原因。说到这点,中国提供了做不同项目的许多机会。

What project are you most proud of and why?
你以哪个项目自豪,为何?

Every project, no matter their types, sizes, whether or not completed, tests our idea and design feasibility, and give us lesson as well. In this sense, we learn from all the design process and it is hard to specify one project.
无论类型、大小、建成或未建成,每个项目都试验着我们的想法和设计可行性,提供给我们教训。从这点上,我们从所有设计过程学习,很难具体到某一个。
团队用户
被采访者/interviewee
赵仲贵
这方建筑师事务所(Zephyr (US) Architects P.C.)合伙人
建筑师/architect
赵仲贵
这方建筑师事务所(Zephyr (US) Architects P.C.)合伙人
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