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方案/以柔克刚Conquer Hardness with Softness

封面照片
所有图片及文字来源:许理LeoXu

 

我们以尼泊尔传统民居为原型,将榫卯相接的木构架作为建筑的承重骨架。众所周知,木结构建筑自重轻,榫卯灵活相接,使其在抗震中具有很大优势;同时,木构架的各构件之间也存在一定的比例关系,因此,只需要确定建造住宅的开间及进深,就可以得到所有木构件的尺寸,这样使得建造技术的普及成为了可能。

与当地传统建筑组合方式类似,各建筑单元的通过廊­­­或院墙围合成院落,不断延伸下去。大小不同的院落组织可以适应不同形状的地块,体量很小的建筑单元也可在地势起伏的山地建造。院中可修佛塔或水池,保持了居民的生活习惯,相互脱离的建筑单体也有利于防火。

虽然当地建筑大面积损坏,但残留的碎砖短瓦仍保留尼泊尔人民曾经寄托的情感,灾后的部分废弃材料,如生土、木、瓦片等可以继续使用在新建的安居房中;挑檐、撑弓、门窗的装饰等细节应用希望会给新入住居民的带来强烈的归属感。

We take the traditional residence of Nepal as prototype, and tenon- mortise connected wooden framework as load bearing structure. as we all know, this kind of building have great advantages in earthquake-resistance with little deadweight and flexible structural node. In the same time, since components are proportional, dimension of each component of the wooden framework can be settled by the width and depth of the residence.
Similar to the local traditional architectural compound mode, units are enclosed by corridors and walls, and compound in succession.

By expending the building plane,we can lay the residence on any kind of shape of the base.With small size units,we can build residence that adapt to mountainous landscape.Residence can build towel and pond in the yard traditionally, and isolated buildings are conducive to fire prevention.

Although the local construction is mostly damaged in the earthquake, the residual bricks retain Nepalese people’s emotional sustenance.ome waste materials after the earthquake, such as soil, wood and residual bricks still can be utilized in the new residence. The appliance of protruding eaves, strut bow and decorated windows enhance the sense of belonging of the residence.

2015.10.08
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