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中国国家馆第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展——参展人简介及作品
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中国国家馆第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展——参展人简介及作品
POST©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

中国国家馆
第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

参展人:场域建筑(北京)是由建筑师梁井宇于2006 年创立的。专注于建筑与不同领域的交叉研究。推行与快速、大规模发展的中国建筑实践相反的慢速和小规模的实践活动。完成项目包括伊比利亚当代艺术中心,上海民生现代美术馆,北京大栅栏文保区的保护与复兴规划、北京無用生活体验空间等等。

网站:www.aarchstudio.com

场域建筑团队 左起:周源,梁井宇,叶思宇 摄影:夏远芊
©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

场域建筑:杨梅竹斜街、大栅栏与 Dashila(b)

杨梅竹斜街项目是北京大栅栏文保区的保护复兴规划的一部分。它肇始于地方政府对这条市容不够整洁、居民随意私搭乱建侵占道路资源、历史建筑保护状况较差的历史街区的美化工程。场域建筑将这一委托转译成大栅栏文保区的复兴催化剂。通过四年的发展,催化作用所带来的连锁反应还在持续,杨梅竹斜街却已经在短短时间内变身为北京市最具活力的历史街区。之前居住于这片与城市发达地区隔绝的棚户区的社区居民们,也逐渐重新融入到城市的大家庭当中来。

大栅栏创新计划 Dashila(b)既是大栅栏地区保护、整治、复兴规划的延续、修正规划设计工作,又是该项规划具体实施的一部分。在北京市及西城区政府的支持下,它负责:(A)对该地区的城市规划内容进行专业范围的研究、调整,并为政府提供政策与管理建议;(B)对大栅栏的文化、历史资源进行重新挖掘、整理,寻求文保区城市发展与社区民生建设的新模式;(C)为政府、开发企业、社会资源、当地居民与商户之间提供开放的交流平台,树立不同形式的居住与商业开发样本,鼓励和激发多模式的合作,保护及建设大栅栏。目的是提升区域经济、丰富社区文化、重现大栅栏的历史繁荣。

©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

参展人:马可,1971 年出生于中国吉林,目前生活在中国广东省珠海市。马可是海内外最有影响力的中国设计师之一。2008 年,马可成为首位登陆巴黎高级时装周的中国设计师。其作品曾在法国、英国、荷兰、美国、日本等地博物馆展出。其“無用之土地”系列更是获得荷兰克劳斯王子基金奖。金狮奖得主中国导演贾樟柯根据马可及土地作品巴黎发布拍摄的纪录片《無用》获得第64 届威尼斯电影节纪录片最高奖项——地平线单元最佳纪录片奖。

马可2006 年在珠海创立無用设计工作室,目前無用已经发展成为一家社会企业,致力于中国民间传统手工艺的传承与创新。2014 年9 月,“無用生活空间“在北京开幕,这里展示的原创無用出品涵盖了“衣食住行”各个层面的生活必需之物,通过创意研发制作全天然、纯手工的环保生活用品,促进世界上更多人关注与实践自求简朴的、与自然和谐共处的、环保节制永续的生活方式。無用空间也定期举办公益性的民间传统手工艺主题展。

2013 年起至今,马可应邀为中国第一夫人彭丽媛提供外访定制服装。

网站:www.WUYONG.org

马可在北京無用生活空间 摄影:舒雷
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马可:無用、土地

2006 年4 月22 日,设计师马可在珠海创立“無用工作室”;2013 年“無用”发展成为中国首家社会企业原创生态品牌;2014 年9 月,“無用生活空间”在北京开幕,“無用生活空间”由民间手工艺展厅、無用家园和有机素食三个部分组成,無用出品涵盖了“衣食住行”的各个生活层面,为渴望探寻生命本质、过上返璞生活的人们提供全天然、零污染、全手工制作的良心出品。

多年来無用人的足迹深入到全国各地偏远的贫困地区,发掘当地的特色技艺,帮助手工艺人通过自己勤劳的双手脱离贫困、开创幸福美好的生活,同时,在传统手工技艺的基础之上加以艺术创新,为其注入鲜活的时代生命力,为城市中热爱自然关注环保的人群带来富有艺术美感且经久耐用的生活必需品。

作为一家长期致力于传统民间手工艺的保护传承与创新的社会企业, 無用所获得的全部销售收入均用于中国民间手工艺的保护及传承、给手工艺人提供培训和必要的工作条件等。

“以手传心,以衣载道,大爱无界,天下一家”就是所有無用人共同的梦想。

©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

参展人:众建筑是由何哲、沈海恩、臧峰三位合伙人于2010 年在北京创办的创新性设计公司。我们认为设计应积极策略地进入日常生活,参与构建大众文化,最终影响生活。因此我们把办公地点设在北京最中心的胡同中,作为观察、试验和研究生活的基站。众建筑曾获德国红点奖、美国Architizer 奖、以及世界建筑节的最佳新与旧大奖等。

网站:www.peoples-architecture.com

左起:何哲、沈海恩、臧峰 摄影:众建筑
©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

众建筑:内盒院

内盒院是一个应用于旧城更新的预制化模块建造系统,自推出以来屡获殊荣。内盒院的本质是“房中房”,它提供了一种避免全拆重建 ,又相对低廉造价的方法来提升人们的生活居住质量。内盒院是大栅栏更新计划的一个重要项目,旨在对这个离天安门最近的历史街区进行有效的保护和更新。目前十多个内盒院空间已经建成并投入使用,接下来还会诞生更多的内盒院。

大栅栏地区有着基础设施不完善、缺少卫生间下水管道、保温密闭隔声防潮等房屋质量不足的问题,生活上有着诸多不便。在过去的一年中,内盒院由实验性的样板成长为一个系统化的解决方案。

众建筑发展了一种特有的预制复合板材,集成了结构、保温、管线、门窗以及室内外装饰完成面。板材质轻、易操作、运输也很便宜,用一个六角扳手就可以把它们锁在一起。几个毫无专业技术训练的人在一天之内就能完成一个完整内盒房子的安装。完成之后的内盒房子有很好的保温与密闭性能,能耗约为新建四合院的1/3,造价约为修缮四合院的1/2、新建四合院的1/5。

©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

参展人:润·建筑工作室由王灏与叶曼联合创立。工作室前身为“佚人营造”与“曼氏建筑”。润·建筑工作室主张设计从日常美学与独立思考开始,力行“人宅互养”的建筑理念,反观传统人文,取长古今工艺,尊崇自然共生法则,悉心营造文质并美、返璞归真的当代“润”生活美学。

叶曼、王灏 摄影:程涛
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润 ·建筑工作室:乡村建造学社

乡村建造学社立足于徽州地区优良的民居遗产,以及江南地区底蕴泽厚的民居文化。目前,大量的传统木构民居被拆除,移建,败落,不适当的现代建造方式被生硬地植入。如何使本土建筑学重新面对当今江南地区乡村大量的新建需求,同时比较好的延续江南木构民居的气质底蕴、工艺,成为新民居建设第一线的问题以及关键所在。重塑民居的建造道德;改良以及传承建造工艺;延续民居的精神性空间是当今江南地区乡村民居营造的重点。

乡村建造学社立足于重塑古典或现代村落的内向结构,把设计突破点投射到古典木构,这个本质的问题是:如何使之具有当代设计精神并符合适当工业化的趋势。榫卯木构,代表了中国古典文化精髓以及思想精华,具有强烈的情感性以及技术性。近几千年的延续以及本体演化造就了非常成熟的古典木构,当我们讨论重塑一种本土建筑学本体之时,如何使古典木构的法则、力学思想、建造道德、结构等级以及人文之气被重新编排,既具现代设计的精确性以及可计算性,又具备古典木构的强烈象征性以及工艺性,成了头等之事。

乡村建造学社的主要任务是在古典木构的启发下去研发一种具备高度设计技巧以及工艺性的“木构原型”,并最终在大量的乡村营建中实现预制化构件,现场工匠化营建。

©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

参展人:宋群,1970 年出生于西安。艺术家、策划人、《本地》书系创办人及主编。一直以民间角度记录西安的本土文化与城市记忆,收集整理相关文献与实物,进行城市变迁与发展的研究与实践。同时,主持策划过多个城市住宅与商业建筑项目。1992 年至今,任教于陕西师范大学美术学院。生活、工作在西安。

网站:www.localbendi.com

宋群 摄影:张楠
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宋群:与食有关的物

《与食有关的物》所关注的,并非美食。而是与吃相关的生活形态及其他。吃,是市井生活的中心。在中国,吃从来都是天大的事。围绕吃的一切,也早已超越了饮食本身。历史地看,吃是生活哲学。

作品分为三个单元。第一单元:人。第二单元:事。第三单元:物。

第一单元,由记录采访视频组成,选取 100 位普通人进行口述。每一个人的口述,都围绕一件与食有关、与自己有关的物。每一个物,都承载了个人的生活记忆。第二单元:事。由中国北方手工面食的纪录片,以及近一个世纪以来,有关吃的历史影像组成。每一个围聚而坐吃饭的场景,都是时代变迁的注脚。第三单元:物。由一组以中国北方面条为线索的器具构成,包括了耕种,收割,储藏,烹饪,食用各个部分,从农具到厨具,再到餐具,贯穿从田地到饭桌的完整过程。

藉此,试图勾勒出一个饭桌边的中国,一个时间的地图,与吃有关的山川沟壑,大江大河。

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参展人:王路,1963 年生于浙江,留德博士,清华大学建筑学院教授,壹方建筑创始合伙人 ,曾任《世界建筑》杂志主编,是“WA 中国建筑奖”创始人。曾应邀在瑞士苏黎世高等技术大学、德国柏林工业大学、奥地利维也纳工业大学、布拉格捷克工业大学等国内外建筑院校讲学。设计项目在Architectural Record、Bauwelt、AV、Space、The Phaidon Atlas of 21st Century World Architecture 等国内外专业书刊中发表,多次应邀参加在国内外举办的建筑展,如2013 上海西岸建筑艺术双年展, 2011 罗马当代美术馆(MAXXI)“中国建筑景观”展, 2010 德国维特拉设计博物馆“东风- 中国新建筑”展,2007香港深圳城市建筑双城双年展,2006 鹿特丹荷兰建筑中心(NAI)“当代中国”建筑展等,是2007 年首届里斯本国际建筑三年展中国馆策展人。

王路生活和工作在北京。

王路 摄影:张路峰
©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

王路:耒阳市毛坪村浙商希望小学

2006 年7 月19 日,“碧利斯”台风引发的暴雨与山洪摧毁了毛坪村原有小学的校舍。湖南省浙江商会于2006 年7 月29 日紧急筹资50 万人民币,用于新建一所小学, 即毛坪村浙商希望小学。包含场地平整、操场设施、课桌黑板、校服等一系列开支。小学总建筑面积1168m2,实际土建(含室内粉刷)成本30 万元, 每平方米合人民币300 元。2006 年8 月5 日,我们工作室开始踏勘现场,义务承担希望小学的设计工作。2007 年12 月8 日,历时一年零四个月,建成了这所新的小学。

毛坪村浙商希望小学是一所低造价的、结合基地、应用地方材料,并由村民参与建造的乡村小学,不但具有本土性格和人文内涵,而且富有时代精神。其设计实践是为贫困地区建造和在传承中创新的一次探索。为小孩子建造学习场所的过程,本身也是一次难得的学习经历。场所之中,不但蕴含了需要解决的种种冲突和矛盾,也蕴含了解决矛盾的方法。

©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

参展人:无界景观工作室,主要从事风景旅游区及城乡景观策划、规划和设计;城市设计;公共艺术项目的策划和设计;公共空间设施移动端应用系统开发。工作室主持设计师是谢晓英。工作室主旨在于建立跨领域、跨学科之间的联系,努力使相关专业不同领域的规划师、建筑师、设计师、工程师、艺术家、社会学家等,以无界限的合作方式,共同致力于项目的研究与发展。

网站:www.viewunlimitedlandscape.com

无界景观团队
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无界景观:安住·“平民花园”

北京大栅栏片区杨梅竹斜街66-76 号院夹道是因数百年来居住空间扩张“挤压”而成的一条长度66 米,最窄处1 米,最宽处不足4 米的通道。居住于此的五户居民有定居在这里 400 余年的老北京家庭,搬来20 年左右的新原住民,以及暂住的流动人口。这些彼此相邻但相互陌生的人家有着不同的生活背景和利益需求。无界景观团队于2015 年初开始对这条夹道进行调研和改造。

此次展览中,该项目分为两个部分展出。室内展览内容为多媒体视频,展现无界景观近年来在老旧街区改造计划中采集整理的杨梅竹斜街的日常街景,以及该街66-76 号院夹道居民的衣食住行;展示我们对社区营造的思考与解决方案以及胡同花草堂的产生过程。室外装置—平民花园是由北京老旧街区中随处可见的废弃物组合而成的花池,意在反映老旧街区居民们的生存状态:无奈+ 希望。装置是用胡同居民的日用废弃物,依据杨梅竹斜街66-76 号院夹道的平面图搭建而成的“实体”夹道。装置中的多媒体视频展示的是夹道中对应的五户居民们的日常生活状态,以及围绕“花草堂”的营造而展开的公共活动直播,以此阐述设计理念,即通过花草堂的营造,使居住于此的五户居民能够在养花、种菜等共同活动中相互交流,彼此尊重,创造社区共享价值的理念。这是一个在六个月的展期中不断生长变化的装置,其间参观者可以通过参与播种、种植与果实分享等活动来体验人与人之间的互动。

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参展人:朱竞翔,1972 年生于江苏省。是中国当代最杰出的建筑师之一,在建筑系统领域也被认为是最具影响力的创新者。自2008 年以来,他研发了一系列轻型房屋系统,并在中国偏远省份以及非洲的灾后重建及持续发展项目中应用。

现居住于香港,是香港中文大学建筑学院副教授。

朱竞翔 摄影:韩国日
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朱竞翔:斗室

“斗室”由朱竞翔教授领导的香港中文大学建筑学院团队设计建造,它源自为中国偏远乡村学前教育开发的房屋产品。2015 年中国甘肃省会宁县的偏远乡村落成了十座学前教育教室,服务于该区域千余名学龄前儿童。每座幼教室都拥有完善的保温隔热处理,面积从40 至 70 平方米不等。

房屋采用了基本的格子形状组织,有高低凹凸,能够变化出无穷的游戏。灵活组件邀请儿童重塑大地表面的“建筑”或者“风景”。在幼儿逐步学会使用身体,把自身跟现有世界结合的空间敏感期,幼儿喜欢高低差别,乐于探索里外。狭小的空间、斜坡与楼梯会激发各种运动来促进肌肉与感官的协调。

原型的基本设计种下变化的基因。幼教室设计成为易于搬迁与改变的形态: 悬浮于地上的基础处理、易于由木工作坊进行的加工、大型家具般的安装方式以及结合实施的培训,帮助地方工匠与基金会员工在设计团队远离后,维护、移动、重置幼教室,或者继续使用组件与材料。城镇中的幼教室将家具与行为当成建筑的有机组成部分,更多的用具也可安装于内。结构保温板材用以提升寒冷地区房屋的热物理性能,轻薄墙身由于凹凸获得了强烈的防卫感。屋顶通常采用当地的粘土烧制瓦材来建造,以融入乡村肌理。亚热带地区则使用栅格以增强通风。对望的门扇及小开口将控制空气的流通。威尼斯的展亭使用了更多格栅与帘幕来适应干热气候。

©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

参展人:左靖,1970 年生于安徽。策展人,乡村建设者,《碧山》杂志书主编。他曾经在国内外策划过多场当代艺术展览。近年来,他工作的重点转向在地的乡村建设,包括整理出版当地民间工艺、古建筑保护和再生利用、复兴乡村公共文化生活等等。现供职于安徽大学农村改革与经济社会发展研究院。

左靖 摄影:慕辰
©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

左靖:黟县百工、另一种可能:乡镇建设

2011 年7 月- 2014 年1 月,左靖带领安徽大学学生经过近十次踏访,走遍黟县乡镇,共寻访到九十项民间手工艺,2014 年6 月结集出版《黟县百工》一书。作为田野报告,它展开的是徽州乡村的日常生活画卷。在留下一份手工艺的档案之外,编辑出版此书的最重要目的,在于搭建一座设计师、艺术家与民间手工艺人合作的桥梁,探索新旧事物的融合,实现百工新生。本书特别设计了辑佚别册,用玉扣纸、木活字手工印制。作品包括《黟县百工》、《黟县百工·辑佚》(经过装裱的木活字印刷本)、《黟县百工辑佚印制记》(短片)和木活字原版。

作为中国传统村落最为密集的地区,黔东南一带拥有极为丰富的自然生态资源和乡土文化资源(包括物质和非物质文化遗产),加上多年的生态博物馆实践所打下的坚实基础,这些条件让我们可以跳脱目前国内时髦的乡村建设风潮,思考另一种可能:乡镇建设。乡镇建设的真正用意在于,通过合理规划和发展村寨集体经济,严格控制不良资本进村,保护好村寨的自然生态和社区文脉,以及乡土文化的承袭与言传。在此基础上,可以考虑发展可持续的艺术形式,比如与在地文化相关的公共艺术等。经过若干年的努力,实现生态博物馆、创意乡村(民艺中心)和公共艺术的价值叠加,带动当地的文化和经济发展。

项目地位于贵州省苗族侗族自治州黎平县茅贡镇。作品通过四个短片来呈现:一为“另一种可能:乡镇建设”;二为“空间生产”;三为“文化生产”;四为“产品生产”。

©第15届威尼斯国际建筑双年展

 

Pavilion of China at the 15th International Architecture Exhibition – La Biennale di Venezia

Approach Architecture Studio:  Yangmeizhu Xiejie (Street)、Dashilar and Dashila(b)

Yangmeizhu Xiejie (Street) project is part of the urban conservation and regeneration plan for Dashilar historic quarter, 1km by 1km in central Beijing. It was initiated in 2012 by the local government as a street-front beautification project. AAS re-interpreted it as a catalyst for sensitive

renewal, as well as preservation of the whole community and entire quarter of Dashilar. Today after four years, the chain-reaction of positive interventions is ongoing. The street has become one of the most dynamic of the conserved urban districts in the city. The dense local communities have been reintegrated into a thriving society after long-term suffering as an isolated urban slum.

Dashila(b)’s agenda is divided into three parts :

1. Thorough and professional research into the future of Dashilar, adjusting the regional plan and making recommendations to government on the development and implementation of policy for the area.

2. Reappraisal of Dashilar’s rich cultural and historical resources in order to develop new methods of sustainable preservation concurrently with positive new community models.

3. Creation of an open platform for local Government, Developers and Investors, residents, business and social institutions to stimulate and encourage communication and cooperation with the goal to better Dashilar through multifaceted approaches to the problems it faces.

Exhibitor:Approach Architecture Studio (AAS)

Approach Architecture Studio (AAS), Beijing, was founded in 2006 by principal architect LIANG Jingyu. Focusing on cross-disciplinary research, AAS practices a slow method, in contrast to the context of rapid Chinese Construction. Completed projects include: Iberia Centre of Contemporary Art, Beijing; Minshen Art Museum, Shanghai; and the urban conservation and regeneration plan for Dashilar, an ancient and historic quarter of central Beijing.

Website: www.aarchstudio.com

Ma Ke: WUYONG

On April 22th, 2006, MA Ke founded WUYONG Studio in Zhu Hai. And this little studio turned out to be the first original eco and social company brand of China in 2013. In September 2014, “WUYONG Living Space” was open in Beijing, which consists of a non-profit exhibition hall for Chinese traditional handicrafts, the “HOME” for WUYONG’s original works and an organic vegetarian restaurant. Till now, WUYONG has stretched its products line to cover basic necessities in life; the productions are creatively designed and made in natural, pollution-free and hand-based ways, in order to arouse people’s longing for the nature of life and living a simpler and purer lifestyle.

All those years, WUYONG’s people have been exploring folk handiwork arts in small villages located among remote mountains and assisting local handicraftsmen to create a happy life out of poverty by their hands. WUYONG adds vitality of era to traditional handicrafts with artistic designing, so you can see aesthetic taste as well as practical function in WUYONG’s works. Those products are popular with urban people who caring nature and environment.

Delivering the warmth of the hands. Sewing the soul into clothing. Love is unbounded. One world,

one family. It is the dream that all WUYONG’s people strive to fulfill.

Exhibitor:MA Ke

MA Ke,Born in 1971 in Jilin, is currently based in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province.MA Ke is one of the most influential Chinese designers, both at home and abroad. In 2008, she became the first Chinese designer to present her work in the Paris Haute Couture Week. Her designs have been exhibited in countries including France, United Kingdoms, Netherlands, United States, and Japan. Her collection WUYONG/the Earth, which debuted in Paris Fashion Week Spring/Summer 2007, received the 2008 Prince Claus Award in the Netherlands. The film featuring MA Ke and her “WUYONG /the Earth” collection, produced by Golden Lion winner director Jia Zhang-Ke, was awarded the Best Documentary Award in the 64th Venice Film Festival.

In 2006, MA Ke founded the WUYONG Design Studio in Zhuhai. Today, WUYONG has become a social enterprise, and it is committed to the inheritance and innovation of traditional Chinese handicrafts. In September 2014, “WUYONG Living Space” was inaugurated in Beijing, presenting original works which cover all basic necessities in life from the WUYONG collection. The products are designed and hand-made with natural materials, in order to draw people’s attention to a simpler and healthier lifestyle: to have a more harmonic relationship with nature, and to be more environmentally friendly and sustainable. “WUYONG Living Space” also regularly hosts non-profit exhibition for traditional Chinese folk arts and handcrafts.Since 2013, MA Ke has been invited to produce personalised designs for China’s first lady Peng Liyuan in high-profile international trips.

Website: www.WUYONG.org

People’s Architecture Office: Courtyard House Plugin

The award-winning Courtyard House Plugin is essentially a house within a house. It is a prefabricated building system for inserting modern living conditions into dilapidated courtyard houses. This alternative approach to urban renewal does not require tearing down existing structures or relocating residents. The Plugin is a main feature for the Dashilar Project, an initiative aimed at upgrading an important neighborhood in the historic core of Beijing. Currently, over a dozen. Courtyard House Plugins have been built and more are under construction.

Characterized by old courtyard houses and narrow alleys called Hutongs, the historic neighborhoods of Beijing have resisted change, giving them a rare charm. But these areas also have limited infrastructure, no sewage lines, and buildings with little insulation.

People’s Architecture Office has developed a proprietary prefabricated panel made of a composite that incorporates structure, insulation, wiring, plumbing, windows, doors, interior and exterior finishes into one molded part. Panels are light, easy to handle, and inexpensive to ship. They snap and lock together with a single hex wrench. A few people can construct a complete Plugin structure in one day, requiring no special skills or training.

Exhibitor:People’s Architecture Office

Beijing-based People’s Architecture Office was founded by He Zhe, James Shen and ZANG Feng in 2010, and consist of an international team of architects, engineers, product designers and urbanists. The studio has been honored with international awards including multiple Architizer A+ Awards and Red Dot Awards as well as the prestigious World Architecture Festival Award.

With the belief that design is for the masses, PAO aims to be conceptually accessible and culturally pragmatic. Our work is always socially motivated. The office is a historic courtyard house in the center of Beijing and functions as a laboratory for observation, testing, and building.

Website: www.peoples-architecture.com

Rùn Atelier: Country Construction Institution

Country construction institution is based on fine residence heritage of Huizhou region and profound

residence culture in South area. Currently, a great number of traditional timber structures have been demolished or removed, improper modern construction methods are implanted stiffly while

traditional structure is declining. How to make ‘local architecture’ meet the large demand of new

construction in south area, and inherit their spirit and technics well, becomes the most important problem and the key of new residence construction. To rebuild the construction morality, improve and inherit traditional construction technics, and continue the spiritual space quality of residence is the key point of residence construction in south area.

The improvement of timber structure means the reset of structure thoughts. We will go forward from an ‘inorganic structure’ to an ‘organic structure’. Timber, with unique quality, texture and temperature, can’t be taken place by other materials. Above all, a timber structure with strong hierarchy and plasticity can be combined in the prefabrication system and industrialization nowadays to encourage the fast construction or standardization construction. The main mission of country construction institution is to research and develop a ‘timber prototype’ with high design skills and techniques, inspired by classical timber structure, and finally realize the great prefabrication of component in country construction by craftsmen on site.

Exhibitor:Rùn Atelier

Rùn Atelier was co-founded by Mr. WANG Hao and Ms. YE Man in the year of 2015, which was known as Anonymous Architects Workshop & Y.M.A studio in the past.

Based on daily aesthetics, independent thinking and architectural philosophy of mutual benefit of resident and residence, Rùn Atelier reflects on traditional culture, learns from both ancient and modern art and respects the natural law of coexistence. Rùn aesthetics is created carefully to achieve the beauty of subject and style, to return to purity and simplicity.

SONG Qun: Something About Food

Something About Food is not so much focused on culinary art as it is focused on life and other conditions related to food. Eating is the very center of the folk life. In China, eating is tremendously important, as it is often compared to the Heaven. Therefore, everything that revolves around eating is far more than just a culinary matter. From a historical perspective, in eating is found the philosophy of life.

This project is divided into three parts. Part I, People; Part II, Events; Part III, Things. Part I consists of video-taped interviews of 100 common people. Every interviewee’s oral narrative revolves around some personal experience or some tangible objects related to food. Every “thing” recollects a person’s life. Part II, Events, is a documentary film that narrates, with historical images related to eating, a century-old story of hand-made wheat-based foods in northern China. Every sight and scene around the dinner table is a footnote to how history changes. Part III, Things, is a sequence of utensils and tools underlining the theme of noodles in northern China, depicting aspects of farming, harvest, grain-storage, cooking and eating, exhibiting farm tools, kitchen utensils and food-serving utensils, thus representing the whole process from the farm field to the dinner table.

Exhibitor:SONG Qun
Born in Xi’an, China in 1970.

SONG Qun is an artist, planner, as well as the founder and editor-in-chief of Local. He has been recording local culture and city memories of Xi’an from the perspective of the civil society for a long time. At the same time, he has been collecting and sorting out the related literature and material objects, as well as doing studies and practice on city development and changes. Meanwhile, he has planned and held a number of urban residential and commercial construction projects successfully. Since 1992, He has been teaching in Shaanxi Normal University at Academy of Arts.

Lives and works in Xi’an.

Website: www.localbendi.com

WANG Lu: Maoping Village School, Leiyang

On July 19, 2006, rainstorms and mountain floods caused by Typhoon “Bilis” destroyed the original buildings of the primary school in Maoping Village. Zhejiang Association of Commerce (ZS) in Hunan Province urgently raised 500,000 RMB on July 29, 2006 for building a new primary school—the ZS Hope Primary School, Maoping Village. The money was to be used for groundleveling, playground facilities, desks and blackboards, school uniforms, and so on. The total floor area of the school is 1,168m2, and the actual construction (including interior plaster rendering) cost is 300,000 RMB, which amounts to 300 RMB per square meter. Together with local villagers, we constructed this new primary school on December 8, 2007, the whole process having lasted for sixteen months.

The ZS Hope Primary School, Maoping Village maopingcun village school wais built at a low-cost and site-adaptive rural primary school, to which local building materials were applied, and in the building of which local residents participated. Not only does it feature the local character and humanistic connotations, but also is enriched with the spirit of the times. The process of building a

learning place for children itself is also a rare educational experience. Within the place not only were latent various conflicts and contradictions to be addressed, but also approaches to their resolutions.

Exhibitor:WANG Lu

WANG Lu was born in 1963 in Zhejiang, China, and entered the School of Architecture of Tsinghua University in 1979, received the Master’s degree of Architecture and began working as an assistant in the School of Architecture in Tsinghua University in 1987. Since 1991, he had pursued study in Hannover University in Germany. He received the Ph.D. in 1997. Now he is professor at the School of Architecture in Tsinghua University, was the chief editor of World Architecture Magazine from 2000 to 2012, and founder of the “WA Chinese Architecture Awards”. Besides the professorship in the university, he leads also the architectural office “in+of architecture”. His works are published in many magazines and books, like in AV, Architectural Record, Bauwelt, Space etc., and participated in many exhibitions in China and abroad. He is curator for the Chinese Pavilion of the 1st international Architecture Triennale in Lisbon (TAL’07).

He lives and works in Beijing.

View Unlimited, Landscape Architecture Studio, CUCD: HOME·Communal Garden

The exhibition is divided into two parts. Indoor exhibition consists of mainly multimedia videos, illustrating the residents’ daily life. Our team was part of the urban improvement project, an effort of the municipal government to better the living condition of old residential areas. Along with the images, the exhibition also conveys our thoughts about the residents’ life and demonstrates how

our contribution to the project, Flora Cottage, germinated and evolved. The outdoor exhibition is an installation themed “HOME•Communal Garden”. It is an installation inspired by the frequently seen flower beds made of building debris and abandoned kitchen utensils around the old lane ways in Beijing city. The contrast between the thriving plants and the broken bricks and concrete fragments starkly reminds one of the residents’ condition: powerless and helpless in the face of rapid urban

development, they hold on to life with patience and hope. We were inspired by the residents’ stubborn faith in life that is reflected in the flowerbeds, the thrown away household utensils, reutilized in the flowerbeds, tell of the community’s past. The Communal Garden, made by thrown-away fragments by the lane way residents, is a physical “lane” established based on the plan of courtyards 66 – 76 lane way in Yangmeizhu Xiejie. The multimedia videos showing the daily lifestyle of the 5 remaining local households in the lane way, and also showcasing how social activities were evolved around the Flora Cottage as the plants in the shared spaces are tended by the surrounding households, providing occasions for interaction between neighbors, which further interpreting the idea of fostering community spirit by encouraging conversation and communication.

Exhibitor:View Unlimited, Landscape Architecture Studio, CUCD

View Unlimited LA, CUCD is led by Ms. XIE Xiaoying, the principle designer. The studio’s work is characterized by interdisciplinary cooperation that brings together the expertise and effort of planners, architects, designers, engineers, artists and social scientists.

Website: www.viewunlimitedlandscape.com

ZHU Jingxiang: Dou Pavilion

“Dou pavilion” originated from “Checkered Playroom”, a building product for supporting preschool education in China’s remote rural areas, designed by Professor ZHU Jingxiang and his team from School of Architecture of the Chinese University of Hong Kong. In 2015, 10 Checkered Playrooms were erected in ten different villages of Huining County, Gansu province of northwestern China, to offer basic preschool education for more than 1000 2-6 years old children. Joint forces include Bazaar Charity Fund and Western Sunshine Fund from Beijing, Shenzhen Unitinno Architecture Technology Development Corporation and Xiping Jiahe Module Housing Manufacturing Corporation. These playrooms are operated and managed by local primary schools and the staff of the donating NGOs. The area of each playroom ranges from 40 to 70 square meters, with good thermal comfort performance.

Checkered patterns that form the playroom associate it with its environment and surroundings: either wheat fields or divisions inside a village. 2-dimensional checkered pattern can be found in many traditional games, while a spatial pattern with deep concave spaces brings another level of physicality into children’s environment. An individual convex square is similar to a historicalmeasuring tool: Chinese peck (“ 斗 ” in Chinese). When the word “dou” is used as a verb, it also indicates how the wooden pieces were interlocked to form a smart structure, which is exactly the pursuit of the “Checkered Playroom”.

Exhibitor:ZHU Jingxiang

Born in Jiangsu Province, China in 1972.

ZHU Jingxiang, one of the best Chinese contemporary architects, is also believed to be a most influential innovator on building systems. Since 2008, he invented a series of innovative light-weight systems and applied them for post-disaster reconstruction projects and sustainable development in Chinese remote provinces and Africa.

He is currently the Associate professor in School of Architecture of Chinese University of Hong Kong.

Lives and works in Hongkong.

ZUO Jing: Crafts in Yixian County/Another Alternative: Township Reconstruction

From July 2011 to January 2014, ZUO Jing led a group of students from Anhui University to walk around all the townships and towns in Yixian County, Anhui Province to carry out a research on traditional crafts. After a dozen of field trips, they found a total of 90 different kinds of local crafts in the county. As a conclusion of the research, Crafts in Yixian County was published in June 2014. The book reveals not only the diverse techniques of traditional crafts, but also the relationship between the craftsmen, the area and the tradition. From this perspective, the book presents readers the scenes of rural life in Huizhou region. In addition to keeping an archive for traditional crafts, the research also aims to create a platform where craftsmen, designers and artists could collaborate with each other, and further revitalize the cultural heritage in shared efforts. The book has a special supplement, using distinctive hand-made paper and wooden movable-type printing techniques.

Through the production of goods, space and culture, a group of multidisciplinary cultural workers aim to create a mixed model as a boost to the local cultural economy. The external resources may take root and flourish in township-level areas, and extend their commercial and cultural functions into the nearby villages. Meanwhile, the internal resources will no longer lose or flow out. Villages could properly meet the moderate demand for tourism, and avoid overexploitation of resources. The ultimate goal is to build townships and towns into places for material production and consumption, as well as cultural production and consumption. Consequently, villages could well protect the natural environment and revitalize the local cultural heritage.

Exhibitor:ZUO Jing

Born in Anhui Province, in 1970

ZUO Jing, an independent curator, a voice and practitioner for China’s rural reconstruction, and the Editor-in-Chief of Bi Shan Mook. During the past decade, Zuo has curated a number of contemporary art exhibitions in China and overseas. In recent years, Zuo has shifted the focus of his work to rural reconstruction, including research and publication on traditional crafts, protection and revitalization of ancient architecture, as well as re-invigoration of public cultural life in rural areas. He is now working at the Rural Reform and Development Institute, Anhui University.

 

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