第 15 届威尼斯国际建筑双年展中国馆新闻通稿
由中华人民共和国文化部支持、中国对外文化集团公司组织的第 15 届威尼斯国际建筑双年展中国馆展览将于2016 年 5 月 26 日开幕，持续到 11 月 27 日结束。本届威尼斯建筑双年展中国馆经文化部评审委员严格、认真的评选，最终确定了策展人梁井宇的方案。梁井宇携手当代中国若干组优秀的建筑、设计和艺术团队，共同构建了主题为“平民设计，日用即道”的中国馆，以契合今年建筑双年展总策展人，普利兹克奖获得者建筑师亚力杭德罗·阿拉维纳提出的“来自前线的报道”（ Reporting From the Front）这一主题。
如何重建这些饱受现代化摧残的传统价值观？大后方已然失守，传统又在哪里？王守仁的学生，明朝的思想家王艮（1483-1541）说“百姓日用即道”──传统的城市没有了，乡村没有了，建筑没有了，甚至传统的生活方式也没有了的时候，祖先的智慧之道、价值观还蕴藏在平民百姓的日用之间，如同我们文化的 DNA 延绵不息。
空间设计：场域建筑 + 无界景观；
梁井宇是北京场域建筑工作室的主持建筑师。最初因数个艺术空间项目的获奖而知名。之后受美国《庇护所》一书影响甚大，并将之翻译在中国出版。2010 年前后开始信奉佛教。随后三年期间，任北京中心区域大栅栏历史保护区的总规划师，主持策划大栅栏的保护与复兴规划工作。梁井宇是北京建筑大学ADA 研究中心的教授，清华大学设计导师。目前研究课题包括：中国传统居住文化、甘地经济学，亚洲自然农耕，朴门学和阿米什人社区生活等等。
Pavilion of Chinaat the 15th International Architecture Exhibition – La Biennale di Venezia
April 15th 2016
Daily Design, Daily Tao
–Back to the Ignored Front
Duration: May 28th 2016 – Nov. 27th 2016
Opening: 15:00 May 26th 2016
Commissioner: China Arts & Entertainment Group (CAEG)
Established in April 2004 on the foundation of the restructured China Performing Art Agency and China International Exhibition Agency, China Arts and Entertainment Group (CAEG) is the first large state-owned cultural enterprise approved and funded by China
State Council. CAEG is administratively supervised by the Ministry of Culture of the P.R. of China and consists mainly of nineteen wholly owned enterprises including China Performing Arts Agency (CPAA) and China International Exhibition Agency (CIEA). In addition CAEG oversees many corporations through holding or controlling their shares. Both CPAA and CIEA have a history of more than 60 years and are the sole suppliers as well as operators of Chinese performing arts and art exhibitions overseas. Moreover, they are the only agencies in China with global outreaches in the arena of international performances and art exhibitions. In the past decades, CPAA and CIEA have had extensive experiences, both at home and abroad, of undertaking governmental cultural exchange projects and of organizing commercial performances and exhibitions, for which they have won international repute. In recent years, CAEG has been very active in art exhibitions, and has organized a number of high-quality exhibitions, including “Life at this Time” Contemporary Art
Exhibition (Germany), Rodin Art Exhibition, “5000 Years of Chinese Culture”, Chinese Pavilion at the Sao Paulo Biennale (Brazil), Chinese Pavilion at the Venice Biennale, Silk Road Travelling Art Exhibition (US). CAEG organized as well many exhibitions and
performances during the large-scale Sina-French Years from 2003 to 2005, Sino-Russia Years from 2006-2007 and the Europalia China Festival in 2009. As the Country’s spearhead of cultural enterprises, CAEG will continue to serve as the main official channel of cultural exchanges with foreign countries and to promote, as its strategic goat, Chinese performances and exhibitions overseas. Aiming to be a wide bridge linking Chinese cultural products with the global marketplace, CAEG will integrate its resources, and strive for recognition and acclaim in the international cultural arena.
Mr. Jingyu Liang born in Jiangxi Province, China in 1969.
Mr. Jingyu LIANG is the principal architect of Approach Architecture Studio in Beijing. He was first known for his award-winning art museum and gallery projects. Impressed by the book Shelter by Lloyd Kahn, 1973, he became the translator of the book’s Chinese version (published in 2009). In 2010, he was converted to Buddhism. From 2010 to 2013, LIANG Jingyu acted as chief planner, masterminding the extraordinary urban conservation and regeneration plan for Dashilar, an ancient and historic quarter of central Beijing. At present, LIANG Jingyu is the professor of Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, design studio tutor of Tsinghua University. His areas of research include Chinese traditional dwelling culture, Gandhian economics, Asian natural farming, permaculture, and Amish life style.
Works and lives in Beijing and Vancouver.
Approach Architecture Studio
Approach Architecture Studio (ASS), Beijing, was founded in 2006 by principal architect Jingyu Liang.
Born in Jilin Province, China in 1971, Ke Ma is one of the most influential Chinese designers. Works and lives in Zhuhai, Guangdong Province.
People’s Architecture Office
Founded in Beijing, China in 2010. Beijing-based People’s Architecture Office was founded by Mr. Zhe He, James Shen and Mr. Feng Zang in 2010
Rùn Atelier was co-founded by Mr. Hao Wang and Ms. Man Ye in the year of 2015
Born in Shaanxi Province, China in 1970, Qun SONG is an artist, as well as the founder and editor of Local. Lives and works in Xi’an.
Born in Zhejiang, China. in 1963, Graduated in Tsinghua University, and got Ph.D in Hannover University in Germany, professor at the School of Architecture in Tsinghua University. Works and lives in Beijing.
Xiaoying XIE, Yan TONG, Haitao HUANG, Zhi Qu (View Unlimited LA,CUCD)
View Unlimited, Landscape Architecture Studio, CUCD is led by Mrs. Xiaoying XIE, the principle designer, founded in 2004.
Born in Jiangsu Province, China in 1972. He is one of the best Chinese contemporary architects, also believed to be a most influential innovator on building systems. Lives and works in Hongkong.
Born in Anhui Province, China in 1970. Jing ZUO, an independent curator, a voice and practitioner for China’s rural reconstruction and the Editor-in-Chief of Baigong Crafts Mook. Lives and works in Beijing, Anhui and Guizhou
Curator Jingyu Liang named the scheme of the Pavilion of China “Daily Design, Daily Tao”. It implies the Front of Chinese architecture that he wants to emphasize.
The nation’s dignity, welfare and equality are the original reasons for modernization in the last hundred years. Chinese architecture has been pioneering in the nation’s modernization for the last three decades. Developments generally focus only on the new ‘futuristic’ frontier – ‘spectacular’ buildings and cities are erected one after another. Whether we noticed it or not, while claiming victories for spectacular modernization, we are losing our home base. First vanished were our ancient cultural traditions and life style, then the city wall. After that, numerous areas of historic towns and cities were bulldozed. Today, even the most remote villages are coveted by investors. The traditions we have lost may seem dispensable, but the consequences of this rapid development are unbearable: climate change, depleted natural resources and increasing polarization of the rich and poor.
When we look closer at this ignored front, those unrelated issues are rooted in the same cause – Materialism: the endless craving for material causes crises for resources and for the environment. Looking back at our history, generation after generation, we can find that our great ancestors have been telling us the truth all along: Live abstemiously, yet be awed by nature.
This is what we need today to cure the trauma of the Earth and its inhabitants. Confucian Wang Geng (1483-1541) believes the truth of life is within life. Daily Tao exists in the daily lives. In fact, he said, “Daily Tao is daily life”. It is true that many old towns and villages as well as traditional architectures are disappearing, but Tao is not. It is still in our people’s daily lives. Daily Design follows Daily Tao. It satisfies us in our daily lives not by introducing a new future to replace the past, but by polishing the past and integrating it into our daily lives. It doesn’t intervene, instead, it mediates communities. It makes design accessible to the majority’s lives. It does not believe that architecture has a bright future on our planet, unless we act abstemiously and responsibly in the present.
In the current Chinese context such Daily Design works are awfully rare, compared to the overwhelming number of ‘spectacular’ buildings in China today. How do we serve ordinary, majority of people, better? The Chinese Pavilion’s exhibitors and their work may give us some ideas: Return to the daily life; find the Tao through our tradition.
Commissioner: China Arts and Entertainment Group (CAEG)
E-mail: email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org
Curator: Jingyu LIANG
Concept & Introduction
We, human beings, make mistakes. One of the mistakes we make is that we believe in “future”. We think future can solve problems caused by our wrongdoings in the “past”. We are not satisfied in the “present” due to our limited abilities and unlimited desires. We wish the future could bring us more power and resources, in order to make our lives better. We constantly search for a new future to replace the imperfect past. The future may temporarily replace the past, but it doesn’t always “last”. To live in the present is the mindful way and the present recognizes only the things that last.
Whether we noticed it or not, while claiming victories for spectacular modernization, we are losing our home base. First vanished were our ancient cultural traditions and life style, then the city wall. After that, numerous areas of historic towns and cities were bulldozed. Today, even the most remote villages are coveted by investors.
People may say that these losses are only felt by the cultural conservatives. One century ago, New Culture Movement’s infusers, and their successors today, have considered these loses necessary for the nations’ modernization to progress. The traditions we have lost may seem dispensable, but no matter which side you take, the consequences of this rapid development are unbearable: climate change, depleted natural resources and increasing polarization of the rich and poor.
We must focus on the Ignored Front – dignity, welfare and equality. These are more urgent issues than catching the great leap of futuristic development: improving basic living conditions for the poor – rather than the affairs of the rich; decreasing waste -rather than producing more; ceasing pollution of air, water and food – rather than focusing on increasing the speed of traffic and rapidly increasing the size of each city.
The great thinker Wang Yangming (1472-1529) explained the most well known Confucian term “Ge Wu Zhi Zhi” as “By living away from material, one can know truth.”
So, what is the truth of the problems we are facing? When we look closer at this ignored front, those unrelated issues are rooted in the same cause – Materialism: the endless craving for material causes crises for resources and for the environment. The fetish for advanced technologies misleads us into thinking such crises can be solved before it is too late. Thus, the initial motivation of modernization is substituted for the search for technological development. Although almost every time we cheer for a new step in technological advancement, we create more complicated consequences.
Looking back at our history, generation after generation, we can find that our great ancestors have been telling us the truth all along: Live abstemiously, yet be awed by nature.
This is what we need today to cure the trauma of the Earth and its inhabitants. So how can we return to those values – after we have chosen to abandon them and embrace materialism for past decades?
Confucian Wang Geng (1483-1541), is Master Wang Yangming’s student. He believes the truth of life is within life. Daily Tao exists in the daily lives. In fact, he said, “Daily Tao is daily life”. It is true that many old towns and villages as well as traditional
architectures are disappearing, but Tao is not. It is still in our people’s daily lives.
In the book Lius Commentaries of History, 239 B.C.E, author Lu Buwei（292 B.C.E – 235 B.C.E.) said: “The key of everything begins with self-regulating. The world can only be regulated when everyone has been; cure the self, then the world is cured. If you want to solve the problems of the world, focus on yourself.”
Daily design is to learn and find the lasting ancient wisdoms through today’s ordinary lives. By doing so, we re-establish our cultural traditions, the backbone of sustainable development. Let design serve the ordinary majority. This is the ignored front of architecture we cannot afford to ignore. Only when we return to the serve the majority of people’s lives, can architecture resume the original idealities of modernization.
In other words, Daily Design means giving up self-stylish tags and personal attitudes. It provides quality design, professionally. It specifically applauds the following endeavors:
Being Local: applying mostly local materials, craftsmanship and labor, while respecting local traditions.
Being Abstemious: the cost of the building is affordable to Nature and to ordinary people.
Being Responsible: the solution to one problem does not cause more problems. Instead, it inspires and encourages us to the fights we are facing everywhere: the environment crises and the difficult living conditions in the city and rural areas.
In the current Chinese context such Daily Design works are awfully rare, compared to the overwhelming number of ‘spectacular’ buildings in China today.
How do we serve ordinary, majority of people, better? The Chinese Pavilion’s exhibitors and their work may give us some ideas: Return to the daily life; find the Tao through our tradition.
Here, I am proudly introducing the exhibition to the world audience. Daily Design/Daily Tao, the vision of our glorious history and remaining wisdom. Without a doubt, it represents very bright and lasting potential.
Curator of China Pavilion
15th International Architecture Exhibition la Biennale di Venezia